Crotalus durissus durissus
Federal and State Protections
Countries of Occurrence
Guyana, French Guiana (France), Suriname, Possibly into extreme Northeastern Brazil
150cm (59in) - 180cm (70.8in)
States or Providence
Barima-Waini (GY), Pomeroon-Supenaam (GY), Essequibo Islands-West Demerara (GY), Demerara-Mahaica (GY), Mahaica-Berbice (GY), East Berbice-Corentyne (GY), Cuyuni-Mazaruni (GY)
Nickerie (SR), Coronie (SR), Saramacca (SR), Brokopondo (SR), Para (SR), Suriname (SR), Paramaribo (SR), Commewijne (SR), Marowijne (SR)
French Guiana (Overseas department of France) (FR-GF)
Possibly into Amapá (BZ)
An inhabitant of dry, coastal savannas and beaches from Guyana along the Atlantic coast into northeastern Brazil, relatively little is known about this species. While it has a potent neurotoxic venom, bites are reportedly rare.
This subspecies was previously known as Crotalus durissus dryinus, and some scientists had historically considered it its own species (Crotalus dryinus); but has since been given the subspecies name of what is Crotalus simus following the latter's elevation to full species status.
It is known as the Sakkasneki in Suriname, and the Crotale cascabelle in French Guiana. Early Dutch merchants and settlers in Suriname described snakes with "knotted tails", which we now know to be in reference to the rattle found on the tail of the Guiana rattlesnake.