Bryan Hughes (Rattlesnakesolutions.com)
Arizona Ridge-nosed Rattlesnake
Crotalus willardi willardi
Federal and State Protections
Countries of Occurrence
United States of America
30cm (11.8in) to 67cm (26.3in)
States or Providence
Cochise (AZ), Santa Cruz (AZ), Pima (AZ)
This small rattlesnake can be found in the "sky islands" of Arizona and Sonora: isolated mountain ranges surrounded by desert. As such, they can be found between 5000-9000 ft elevation in canyons and forests. Their tannish coloration helps them to blend into leaf litter in the vegetated montane habitats which they inhabit. Arizona Ridge-nosed rattlesnakes are a generalist predator which preys on lizards, mice, and centipedes.
Females give birth to between 2-9 young in the summer (July - August), and babies are on average just 20cm (8in) when born.
Fun fact: The Arizona ridge-nosed rattlesnake is the state reptile of Arizona!