Photo by Matthieu Berroneau
Veracruz Neotropical Rattlesnake
Federal and State Protections
Countries of Occurrence
States or Providence
Veracruz (confirmed), Tabasco (possible), Oaxaca (possible)
Up to 150cm
The Veracruz Neotropical Rattlesnake was recently described in 2020, elevated to full species status based on DNA and morphological characteristics. However, this species is best distinguished by its geographical range in Veracruz where it does not overlap with any similar species.
The name "mictlantecuhtli" comes from the Nahuatl word “Mictlantecuhtli” which means
“Lord of Mictlán”. In Aztec, Zapotec and Mixtec mythology Mictlán was the underworld and realm of the dead, ruled by the god Mictlantecuhtil.
This species can be found in deciduous and seasonally dry forests along the Atlantic slope of Veracruz. It favors dry areas with rock cover and open canopy.