Photo credit:

Rick C. West

Common name

Venezuelan Rattlesnake

Scientific name

Crotalus durissus cumanensis

Conservation Status

Least Concern

Federal and State Protections

Countries of Occurrence

Venezuela, Colombia

States or Providence 

La Guarija (CO), Cesar (CO), Magdelena (CO), Atlántico (CO), Bolívar (CO), Anitoquia (CO), Córdoba (CO), Santander (CO), Boyacá (CO), Caldas (CO), Cundinamarca (CO), Sucre (CO), Arauca (CO), Casanare (CO), Norte de Santander (CO), Tolima (CO), Vichada (CO), Meta (CO)
Anzoátegui (VE), Aragua (VE), Apure (VE), Barinas (VE), Bolívar (VE), Carabobo (VE), Cojedes (VE), Falcón (VE), Guárico (VE), Vargas (VE), La Guaira (VE), Lara (VE), Mérida (VE), Miranda (VE), Monagas (VE), Nueva Esparta (VE), Portuguesa (VE), Sucre (VE), Táchira (VE), Trujillo (VE), Yaracuy (VE), Zulia (VE),


Adult size

Species Description

The Venezuelan Rattlesnake can be found in Colombia and Venezuela. It occurs in dry or semi-dry forests, savannas, and valleys, but can also occur as high as 6600 ft elevation. The Venezuelan rattlesnake's venom contains crotoxin, a neurotoxic venom component, in addition to nephrotoxins and myotoxins.

The venom of the Venezuelan rattlesnake has been shown to effective in inhibiting the growth of Candida, a fungus that causes yeast infections, and Sporothrix, a fungus that causes rose handler's disease. This can lead to the development of new antifungal medications as fungal diseases become resistant to our current treatments!

Jacksonville, FL |  |  1-800-690-5638

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