Uracoan rattlesnake; Cascabel de Uracoa
Little is known about its ecology, biology, and habits and its conservation status is “marginal at best”(quote from Pifano and Rodríguez Acosta, 1996).
Federal and State Protections
Countries of Occurrence
64-110 cm (25-43 in)
States or Providence
Monagas and Anzoátegui.
Monagas: Maturín savanna and grasslands near Uracoa and alluvial plains.
Anzoátegui: Sotillo District and alluvial plains.
Uracoan rattlesnakes are nocturnal solitary snakes that give birth to up to 10 young between 120 and 160 days after mating. Their diet is primarily made up of small lizards, but expansion of agricultural activities has introduced small rodents into its diet. Their life span is between 15 to 20 years and they are a shade of pale olive green, rust brown, or gray with numerous white-tipped scales scattered on their head and body.
Unlike other Crotalus species, it can only be found in a specific ecological niche of small relictual forested areas with a specific microclimate. Their venom has both neurotoxic and hemorrhagic components.