Southern Ridgenose Rattlesnake
Crotalus willardi meridionalis
Federal and State Protections
Countries of Occurrence
States or Providence
Arizona (US), New Mexico (US), Sonora (MX), Chihuahua (MX), Durango (MX)
This small rattlesnake can be found in the Mexican states of Durango and Zacatecas in wooded, high elevation areas. Its diet consists of birds, lizards, small mammals, and invertebrates, such as centipedes. Similar to almost all other rattlesnakes, the venom of the southern ridge-nosed rattlesnake is hemotoxic.
Little else is known about the biology and ecology of this subspecies of ridge-nosed rattlesnake likely due to its isolated localities in unpopulated areas.
The subspecific epithet, "meridionalis," comes from the Latin meaning of south, "merīdiēs." The southern ridge-nosed rattlesnake is the southernmost subspecies of all ridge-nosed rattlesnakes of the US and Mexico.