Photo credit:

Jesus Gordolomi

Common name

Isla Coronado Rattlesnake/Mexican Insular Rattlesnake

Scientific name

Crotalus oreganus caliginis

Conservation Status

Least Concern

Federal and State Protections

Countries of Occurrence

Mexico

States or Providence 

Baja California

Counties

Tijuana municipality

Adult size

61.9cm (24in) - 91cm (36in)

Species Description

This dimunitive species is only found on South Coronado Island off the coast of Mexico in the Pacific Ocean!

Much smaller than its mainland cousins, the Coronado Island rattlesnake is between 2 to 3 feet long. This subspecies diverged about 0.84 million years ago. South Coronado Island is rocky with little vegetation.

This subspecies has a venom high in myotoxins, designed to quickly incapacitate prey and prevent their escape. The diet of the Coronado Island rattlesnake likely consists of more lizards and birds than that of mainland C. oreganus.

Jacksonville, FL |  savethebuzztails@hotmail.com  |  1-800-690-5638

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