Carolina Pygmy Rattlesnake
Sistrurus miliarius miliarus
Federal and State Protections
State Protected in North Carolina
Countries of Occurrence
States or Providence
North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Northwestern Alabama
14in (38cm) - 22in (56cm)
This subspecies is notable for its red phase coloration, although slate-grey and dull-lavender specimens are not uncommon. It prefers upland habitats such as sand hills and longleaf pine savannas, and may occasionally be found in the foothills of South Carolina and Georgia.
Like other subspecies of Pygmy Rattlesnake, the Carolina Pygmy is a primarily crepuscular species, active around dawn and dusk; and targets a wide variety of prey including small reptiles, amphibians and small snakes. Their young also have yellow-tipped tails to lure prey.